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Taxonomy

Kingdom Protista













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The Junk Drawer Kingdom
















Protista;
   -are eukaryotic
   -are both multi and single cellular
   -are both micro and macroscopic
   -are both auto and heterotrophic
  
Groups:
   -protozoa
   -algae, plant-like, auotrophic, photosynthetic
   -fungi, absortion/heterotrophic
 
Protozoans;
   -unicellular
   -heterotrophic
   -asexual reproduction
 Amoeba, Phylum Rhizopoda, do not have cell walls. They are pseudopods, filled with cytoplasm, and  mostly live in fresh or salt water. The marine protozoans have shells made of silicon. They use diffusion for their gas exchange. 
 Flagellates, Phylum Zoemastagino, have one or more flagellates. Some live in termites gut and break down the food. They can cause the African sleeping sickness which is carried  by the tee-tee fly.
 Cilliates, Phylum Ciliaphera (paremesium), reproduce asexually and live in aquatic habitats. Their body plan includes a cilia, oral groove, and gullet.
 Sporozoans, Phylum Sporazoa, are all parasites. They produce a spore which is the product of a cell.
   
Algae;
   -are photosynthetic
   -are autotrophic
   -have many different pigments 
  Phytoplankton-
  • Euglenoids, Phylum Euglinophyta
    -unicellular

    -aquatic
    -protein pelicle surrounding them
    -auto or heterotrophic~ depends on enviroment
    -cannot see but can detect light
  • Diatoms, Phylum Bucillenphyta (Golden algae)
    -unicellular
    -photosynthetic
    -chlorophyll and carotemplites
  • Dinoflagellates, Phylum Dinoflagellata
    -two flagellas
    -cell walls made of cellulose
    -red pigments
  • Red Algae, Phylum Rhotophyta
    -multicellular
    -absorb green, blue, and violet wavelengths
  • Brown Algae, Phylum Phaeophyta
    -kelp can grow to 60 cm
    -used as a thickener in shakes at fast food places
    -multicellular
    -marine
  • Green Algae, Phylum Chlorophyta
    -7,000 species
    -multi, uni, and colonialcellular
    -used in food products
    -sexual and asexual
    ~gave rise to plants
  • Fungus like protists
    -absortion

 

 

Euglenoid
protist.jpg

Amoeba
amoeba.jpg
















Algae
algae.jpg

Diatom
diaton.jpg

Dinoflagellate
dinofagellate.jpg